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George F Winter

Freelance writer; Fellow of the Institute of Biomedical Science

Evidence on exercise in pregnancy

In 2010, marathon world-record holder Paula Radcliffe finished a 10 km charity run while 7 months pregnant In 2011, Amber Miller completed the Chicago Marathon in 6 hours 25 minutes, and 7 hours later...

Considering genetic modification

In September 2015, it was reported that researchers at London's Francis Crick Institute (2015) had sought permission from the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority (HFEA) to use so-called ‘gene...

Decisions around vaccination

‘We can't change the past but this vaccine will change people's futures’ These were the words of Kelly Mellor, whose daughter contracted meningococcal disease when she was 11 months old, quoted in a...

Handwashing and infections

In May 1847, Ignaz Philipp Semmelweis (1818–1865) showed by experiment that handwashing could prevent infections (Noakes et al, 2008) He instigated a hand-washing regime at the maternity clinic of the...

The ethics surrounding older mothers

In May 2015 a 65-year-old German single mother of 13, Annegret Raunigk, gave birth to quads One might have thought that this qualified Ms Raunigk as the world's oldest mother, but a BBC News report...

The ethics behind caesarean section

The World Health Organization recommends that the ideal rate for caesarean sections should be between 10 and 15% However, caesarean sections have become increasingly common in both developed and...

Mitochondrial donation

In early February 2015, MPs voted to amend the 2008 Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act to permit mitochondrial donation (Gallagher, 2015) On 24 February, the House of Lords approved the amendment,...

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