Clinical Practice

Bath time: More than good clean fun

Bath time is a great opportunity for parents, siblings and infants to bond, play and develop relationships Baths also provide babies with a rich sensory environment: the feel of the water and another...

Assessing in-utero activity

In-utero fetal activity is seen as the hallmark of fetal wellbeing and a vital marker in the routine surveillance of unborn babies, with a further advantage that it can be assessed regularly by the...

Intimate partner violence and pregnancy: How midwives can listen to silenced women

Domestic violence towards pregnant women is both a serious public health and human rights concern Intimate partner violence (IPV) has been defined as any incident or pattern of incidents of...

More needs to be done to prevent Group B strep infection in the UK

Group B streptococcus (GBS) is the most common cause of sepsis and meningitis in infants less than 3 months of age (Heath and Schuchat, 2007; Stoll et al, 2011) Of those babies infected, about 10% die...

What constitutes good trial evidence?

Evidence-based practice has been the mantra within health settings over the last 2 decades It is a phrase that can be found in the majority of academic texts and assignments of most midwifery students...

Gastro-oesophageal reflux in the neonate: Clinical complexities and impact on midwifery practice

Gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) is a commonly reported phenomenon encountered in the initial weeks of neonatal life, and is a normal physiological process which usually occurs following feeding...

The senses of touch and olfaction in early mother–infant interaction

For the human newborn, being able to recognise (and be recognised by) his/her own mother, locate the breast, latch on and feed are clearly evolutionarily important survival abilities Clear indication...

Helping parents achieve safer male infant circumcision

Male circumcision or the removal of the foreskin holds a deep spiritual significance in Judaism and Islam The Judaic origins are reflected in our language as no other part of the human body is...

Diagnosis and management of pre-eclampsia: A clinical perspective on recent advances in the field

Pre-eclampsia is a global health problem, which complicates 2–8% of all pregnancies and contributes to 15% of preterm births and 9–26% of maternal deaths worldwide (World Health Organization (WHO),...

Midwifery management of asthma and allergies during pregnancy, birth, and the postpartum

Asthma, often complicated by allergies, is a common health problem that can cause complications in pregnancy (World Health Organization (WHO), 2014) The UK has an asthma prevalence during pregnancy of...

Hand expressing in pregnancy and colostrum harvesting—preparation for successful breastfeeding?

Breastfeeding initiation rates in the UK have risen; in 2010, 81% of mothers chose to breastfeed their babies at birth, compared with 76% in 2005 However, breastfeeding is often short-lived as 24% of...

Infant massage: The practice and evidence-base to support it

The practice of infant massage is not a new phenomenon It is a part of nature—at birth, mammals massage their newborns by licking and grooming them to encourage their body systems to normalise...

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