Research

Tell it Right, Start it Right: An evaluation of training for health professionals about Down syndrome

Down syndrome (DS) is one of the most common and recognisable conditions associated with learning disability, and approximately 27/1000 pregnancies are affected (Morris and Springett, 2014) Many...

Skin-to-skin contact after elective caesarean section: Investigating the effect on breastfeeding rates

Numerous policy documents from the Department of Health (2009a; 2009b; 2011; 2012a; 2012b; 2013) recognise that breastfeeding is associated with overwhelming health benefits and large potential cost...

Older mothers' experiences of postnatal depression

Postnatal depression (PND) is under-diagnosed worldwide, with fewer than 40% of depressed mothers seeking help (Haynes, 2007) In the UK, the most commonly used assessment tool for PND is the Edinburgh...

Talking about smoking cessation with pregnant women: Exploring midwives' accounts

It is estimated that 11% of women in the UK smoke during pregnancy (Office for National Statistics, 2014) Smoking is recognised as a significant predictor for adverse outcomes in pregnancy, increased...

The influence of women's perceived entitlement to have postnatal depression on the disclosure process

Maternal postnatal depression (PND) has far-reaching consequences, with research identifying the potential impact of PND on the woman (Cooper and Murray, 1995), infant (O'Hara and McCabe, 2013), the...

National survey of current practice standards for the newborn and infant physical examination

The newborn and infant physical examination (NIPE) is an integral part of child health surveillance in the UK, with current standards recommending all babies have a NIPE performed within 72 hours of...

Healthy lifestyle behaviours in pregnancy: A prospective cohort study in Ireland

Women's lifestyle choices before and during pregnancy can have significant links to the health of both the mother and her unborn child (O'Keeffe et al, 2013) Women attempting to conceive and those in...

Community midwives' workplace experiences: A case study from a resource-poor country

In 2004, a joint statement issued by the World Health Organization (WHO), the International Confederation of Midwives (ICM) and the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO)...

Swimming against the tide: Women's experience of choosing a homebirth in Switzerland

There has been much discussion in recent years of the importance of women exercising their right to choose where to give birth (American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), 2011;...

Homebirth in England: Factors that impact on job satisfaction for community midwives

Homebirth rates in England have been persistently low for more than 5 decades, with just 23% of women giving birth at home in 2013 (Office for National Statistics, 2014)

Antenatal parenting support for vulnerable women

Social adversity and poor maternal mental health during pregnancy can have long-term adverse effects on children's health, social, educational and economic outcomes (O'Connor et al, 2002; Olivier et...

Perinatal deaths of migrant mothers: Adverse outcomes from unrecognised risks and substandard care factors

Stillbirth rates in the UK have consistently been among the highest in Europe (Flenady et al, 2011) One contributory factor may be the heterogeneity of the UK population, including the raised...

The acceptability of case-finding questions to identify perinatal depression

Perinatal depression has been defined as encompassing ‘major and minor depressive episodes that occur either during pregnancy or within the first 12 months after delivery’ (Gavin et al, 2005: 1071),...

Midwives' approaches to early pushing urge in labour

Early pushing urge (EPU) is defined as the perception of the irresistible urge to push by the labouring woman before full cervical dilatation, confirmed by vaginal examination Although different...

Women's perceptions of perineal repair as an aspect of normal childbirth

In the UK 85% of vaginal deliveries will result in a woman sustaining some degree of perineal trauma, of which two thirds will require suturing (Bick et al, 2010) Simple perineal trauma is classified...

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