Reproductive carrier screening
George Winter examines the implications of screening couples to discover if they are at risk of having children with particular conditions, and the slippery slope to which this may lead
Eugenics, as Dive and Newson (2021) note, describes the political, social, and medical practices that aim to promote desirable characteristics in a species by the manipulation of heredity. In his 1947 essay ‘Eugenics and Society’, the Oxford-educated biologist, founding member of the World Wildlife Fund, and keen eugenicist Julian Huxley (1887–1975) wrote that ‘striking and rapid eugenic results can be achieved only by a virtual elimination of the few lowest and truly degenerate types and a high multiplication-rate of the few highest and truly gifted types’ (Huxley, 1947). Huxley – who was far from lacking in self-esteem – no doubt considered himself as belonging to the latter category. But Germaine Greer made the wry observation that ‘it may take a Colombian gamine more raw intelligence to survive in the barrio than it takes to gain a double first at Oxford’ (Greer, 1985).
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