Crown Prosecution Service. Woman convicted of aiding FGM of young girl abroad in legal first. 2023. https// (accessed 12 January 2024) Female Genital Mutilation Act 2003. 2003. https// (accessed 12 January 2024) FGM protection orders factsheet. 2016. https// (accessed 12 Janaury 2024)

Home Office. Mandatory reporting of female genital mutilation: procedural information. 2015. https// (accessed 12 January 2024)

Macfarlane A, Dorkenoo E Female genital mutilation in England and Wales: updated statistical estimates of the numbers of affected women living in England and Wales and girls at risk Interim report on provisional estimates.London: University of London Institutional Repository; 2014

Woman convicted of taking British girl, three, for female genital mutilation in Kenya. 2023. https// (accessed 16 January 2024)

Second UK conviction for FGM

02 February 2024
Volume 32 · Issue 2


Juliet Albert explores what the second UK conviction against female genital mutilation means for midwives, and the legislation surrounding this issue

On 26 October 2023, the Crown Prosecution Service (2023) successfully convicted a woman of assisting female genital mutilation (FGM). This was the first conviction of its kind in UK history.

The woman was found guilty of trafficking a 3-year-old British child to Kenya to be subjected to FGM. Nine years later, the victim confided in a schoolteacher that she had been subjected to FGM and the police were informed. This conviction marks the second FGM conviction in the UK, and the first for assisting a non-UK person to commit FGM against a British resident. This prosecution is unique, as it is the first time a person has been held accountable for a cutting that occurred outside of the UK. Sentencing has not yet been carried out, but should take place later this year.

FGM has been illegal in the UK since 1985, with assisting FGM outside of the UK becoming a criminal offence under the Female Genital Mutilation Act 2003 (, 2003). It is estimated that there are 200 million women worldwide who have been subjected to FGM (World Health Organization, 2023), equivalent to 5% of the global female population. In the UK, there are an estimated 137 000 women who have experienced FGM and a further 60 000 girls under the age of 15 years old are estimated to be at-risk of FGM in the UK (Macfarlane and Dorkenoo, 2014).

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