Council Directive 93/104/EC of 23 November 1993 concerning certain aspects of the organization of working time.

Directive 2003/88/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 November 2003 concerning certain aspects of the organisation of working time [2003] OJ L 299/9.

Federación de Servicios Privados del sindicato Comisiones obreras (CC.OO.) v Tyco Integrated Security SL, Tyco Integrated Fire & Security Corporation Servicios SA [2015] (Case C-266/14) Court of Justice of the European Union; 1.

Working Time Regulations 1998 (SI 1998/1833).

Community midwives' work time includes travel to and from home

02 May 2017
Volume 25 · Issue 5


A 2015 ruling by the European Court of Justice redefined ‘working time’ to include time spent travelling between work and home. Richard Griffith explores the implications of this for midwives

The European Union (EU) introduced a working time directive in 1993 (Council Directive 93/104/EC) that was implemented in the United Kingdom Law by the Working Time Regulations 1998. The regulations apply to midwives and give them general rights that include;

The latest working time directive (Directive 2003/88/EC 2003) defines working time as any period during which the midwife is working at the employer's disposal and carrying out their activity or duties, in accordance with national laws and/or practice. Any period which is not working time is regarded as a rest period. This means that work includes:

While time spent travelling between the homes of the women and babies in their care has always been considered part of a community midwife's working day, the time spent travelling from home to the first call of the day and back home from the last call were considered rest periods and were not part of the working day.

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