Care strategies before entering pregnant mothers to the operating room and after birth during COVID-19
Coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) is an infectious disease that is spread through saliva droplets or nasal discharge while coughing or sneezing (World Health Organization [WHO], 2020a). These droplets could be inhaled into the mouth or nose and, possibly, into the lungs through the air if one is close to an infected person (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2020e). According to the latest guidance from RCOG (2021), pregnant women ‘do not appear more likely to contract the infection than the general population’ however, it is still probable that pregnant women can contract the virus and thus certain strategies still need to be put in place to care for them.
Preliminary reports suggest that outbreaks are more likely to occur when a person is in close contact with someone who has SARS-CoV-2 (CDC, 2020e). Physiological and anatomical changes during pregnancy increase the susceptibility to infections in general (Dashraath et al, 2020) and so there is no way to ensure that the risk of infection could be zero (CDC, 2020d). Therefore, pregnant women should be monitored in order to be diagnosed and prevent mother and baby from being infected with the virus (Yang et al, 2020).
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