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Breastfeeding

Latch-related nipple pain in breastfeeding women: the impact on breastfeeding outcomes

Breastfeeding rates in the UK remain some of the lowest in the world The World Health Organization (2020) recommends exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of an infant's life, followed by...

Vitamin D supplementation in pregnancy, lactation and infancy: why is it fundamental?

Vitamin D, known as the ‘sunshine vitamin’, is made in the skin in response to ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation, and once activated in the body to the hormone calcitriol (1,25 dihydroxy-vitamin D), it...

Revised standards of proficiencies for midwives: an opportunity to influence childhood health?

The first 1 000 days of life, from conception until a child's second birthday, are significant in terms of influencing childhood health (Black et al, 2016; Cusick and Georgieff, 2018; House of Commons...

The establishment of breastfeeding in the small-for-gestational-age baby

The term small for gestational age (SGA) refers to an infant born with a birthweight ‘lower than expected for a given duration of gestation’ (Tudehope et al, 2013) More specifically, it applies to...

The impact of birth-related injury and pain on breastfeeding outcomes

Human milk is acknowledged to be the optimum source of nutrition for infants, while also being beneficial to maternal health (Victora et al, 2016) As such, the World Health Organization ([WHO], 2019)...

Promoting evidence-based practice and raising concerns: considerations for the newly-qualified midwife

Newly-qualified midwives are expected to be safe, competent practitioners and are responsible for providing high standards of care for women and babies (Phelan et al, 2014); however, for many midwives...

Chiropractic care of the pregnant woman and neonate

Chiropractic practice is based on the theory that alterations to the biomechanics of the spinal and extraspinal structures, such as the cranial and mandible bones, can lead to altered neural signals...

Have interventions been effective at increasing the rates of breastfeeding in the UK?

The rates of breastfeeding initiation and maintenance in the UK are some of the lowest in the world, despite extensive evidence in support of the notion that ‘breast is best’ (Earle, 2002) Exclusive...

The effect of a breastfeeding educational workshop on clinicians' knowledge, attitudes and practices

Breastfeeding is an important health promotion strategy that has widely accepted and documented benefits for mothers, infants, and society (Wieczorek et al, 2010; Ahluwalia et al, 2012; Kuyper et al,...

The influence of partners on feeding: A personal reflection

In this article, I will critically reflect on an encounter with a breastfeeding woman and her husband that highlights issues of partner support, cultural influences and, in light of these, meaningful...

Pelvic girdle pain: The Stickmum project 3 years forward

Pelvic girdle pain (PGP), previously known as Symphysis Pubis Dysfunction (SPD), is becoming better recognised by midwives, GPs and women PGP is a result of an asymmetry of movement of the joints...

‘You're kinda passing a test’: A phenomenological study of women's experiences of breastfeeding

Despite an increasing research base about what helps or hinders breastfeeding, there is a dramatic drop in breastfeeding prevalence within the first 6 weeks (Health and Social Care Information Centre,...

What influences women to stop or continue breastfeeding? A thematic analysis

Breastfeeding is a natural form of infant feeding, but not all women breastfeed, and those who do may not necessarily feed for the recommended length of time (Feenstra et al, 2018) It is advised that...

Maternal attitude towards breastfeeding: A concept analysis

This article explores and clarifies the concept of maternal attitude as related to breastfeeding by exploring the literature and undertaking a concept analysis using Walker and Avant's (2011)...

Does frenotomy improve breastfeeding problems in neonates with ankyloglossia?

Breastfeeding is the natural way of providing neonates with all the nutrients they need for growth and development; with exclusive breastfeeding recommended for the first 6 months of life (World...

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