Childbirth

The marginalisation of midwifery in medicalised pregnancy and childbirth: a qualitative study

In many places across the globe, midwives are the first caregivers of pregnant women and parturient (Sandall et al, 2016) Nonetheless, significant differences exist in the organisation of midwifery...

Measuring women's experiences of childbirth using the Birth Satisfaction Scale-Revised (BSS-R)

The 10-item Birth Satisfaction Scale-Revised (BSS-R) is a multi-factorial psychometrically robust tool developed for the purpose of measuring women's experiences of labour and childbirth (Hollins...

Childbirth satisfaction and perceptions of control: postnatal psychological implications

The safe delivery of a healthy baby is a critical priority in perinatal care However, maternal satisfaction also remains an important outcome, as it has the potential to influence psychological...

The impact of birth-related injury and pain on breastfeeding outcomes

Human milk is acknowledged to be the optimum source of nutrition for infants, while also being beneficial to maternal health (Victora et al, 2016) As such, the World Health Organization ([WHO], 2019)...

‘We are just obsessed with risk’: healthcare providers' views on choice of place of birth for women

It is a woman's right to make an informed choice regarding where she wishes to give birth (Birthrights, 2013) Globally, it is recommended that women's individual health needs should be taken into...

Maternal and paternal expectations of antenatal education across the transition to parenthood

Supporting parents-to-be through antenatal education classes has been recognised as an important prevention and intervention strategy (Department of Health, 2011)

Women's experience of their sexual function during pregnancy and after childbirth: a qualitative survey

Women's sexual function is a multifaceted phenomenon that mirrors psychological, physiological, sociocultural, inter- and intra-personal influences, including the health of the whole body and internal...

Post traumatic stress disorder post childbirth versus postnatal depression: a guide for midwives

The transition to motherhood is multifaceted, with many biological, physiological, social and psychological changes occurring simultaneously Although the majority of women make the transition to...

Clinical practice: Perineal suturing

It is estimated that 1 000 women per day will experience perineal suturing following vaginal birth in the UK alone (Kettle et al, 2010) The aim of suturing perineal trauma is to achieve haemostasis,...

Labour and beyond: The roles of synthetic and endogenous oxytocin in transition to motherhood

In the course of spontaneous physiological labour, endogenous oxytocin is released from the pituitary gland and initiates uterine contractions However, when it is deemed medically necessary to induce...

The effect of maternal position at birth on perineal trauma: A systematic review

Genital tract sepsis is now the leading cause of direct maternal death in the UK, with the incidence rising since 2006 (Cantwell et al, 2011) Perineal trauma can increase the risk of puerperal...

Can maternity care move beyond risk? Implications for midwifery as a profession

Changes in society, including higher levels of education in the population and higher expectations of health services, have resulted in a belief that risk can be controlled or even prevented, and...

Using the Valsalva technique during the second stage of labour

The Valsalva technique of directed pushing during the second stage of labour is a childbirth intervention that has long been common practice in Western culture (Petersen and Besuner, 1997; O'Connell...

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