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The importance of good nutrition during pregnancy: a comparison between the UK and Brazil

Both the UK and Brazil have sizeable populations that mean there is high demand for antenatal and maternal care. A comparison of maternal demographic data from Brazil and the UK is shown in Table 1..

Supporting vegans through pregnancy and lactation

The number of British people who identify as vegan has quadrupled in the last five years (The Vegan Society, 2019) Indications are that nearly half of the vegans in the UK made the change in 2018...

Vitamin D supplementation in pregnancy, lactation and infancy: why is it fundamental?

Vitamin D, known as the ‘sunshine vitamin’, is made in the skin in response to ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation, and once activated in the body to the hormone calcitriol (1,25 dihydroxy-vitamin D), it...

Overcoming the barriers of vitamin D in pregnancy: A midwifery public health perspective

Guidance from the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) (2008, 2017a; 2017b) and Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RCOG) (2014a) recommends vitamin D...

Cultural considerations in postnatal dietary and infant feeding practices among Chinese mothers in London

Zuo yuezi (ZYZ)—which, by direct translation, means ‘sitting the month’ or sometimes ‘doing the month’—is a traditional Chinese practice of confinement and convalescence for women for a full month...

Micronutrients and the use of vitamin and mineral supplements during pregnancy and lactation

Optimal birth weight is often seen as the primary indicator of a positive pregnancy outcome, while a low birth weight or a baby born small for gestational age (SGA) is indicative of impaired fetal...

Vitamin supplementation and nutrition during pregnancy and breastfeeding

The developing baby in the womb is completely dependent on its mother for its nutrient supply, so the quality of the maternal diet is extremely important During pregnancy, increased intake is required...

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