Alcantara J, Alcantara JD, Alcantara J. The chiropractic care of infants with breastfeeding difficulties. Explore (NY). 2015; 11:(6)468-474 explore.2015.08.005

Alcantara J, Ohm J, Kunz D. The Webster Technique: results from a practice-based research network study. Journal of Pediatric, Maternal & Family Health–Chiropractic. 2012; (1)16-21

Banks SSC, Thomas MR, Gordon M, Wallace C, Akobeng AK. Probiotics to prevent infantile colic. Cochrane Database Syst Rev.. 2016;

Belogolovsky I, Katzman W, Christopherson N, Rivera M, Allen DD. The effectiveness of exercise in treatment of pregnancy-related lumbar and pelvic girdle pain. J Womens Health Phys Therap. 2015; 39:(2)53-64

Bernard M, Alcantara J. The chiropractic care of a 6-day-old neonate with breast feeding difficulties and breastfeeding jaundice. Chiropr J Aust.. 2012; 42:(3)

Casagrande D, Gugala Z, Clark SM, Lindsey RW. Low back pain and pelvic girdle pain in pregnancy. J Am Acad Orthop Surg.. 2015; 23:(9)539-549

Chiropractic Board of Australia. Chiropractic diagnostic imaging. 2019. (accessed 11 April 2019)

Dobson D, Lucassen P, Miller J, Vlieger A, Prescott P, Lewith G. Manipulative therapies for infantile colic. J Altern Complement Med. 2014; 20:(5)A114-A114

Edwards J, Alcantara J. Successful clinical outcomes confirmed via ultrasound in a patient with placenta previa and breech fetal presentation with chiropractic care. Journal of Pediatric, Maternal & Family Health–Chiropractic. 2014; (1)3-9

Frawley J, Sundberg T, Steel A, Sibbritt D, Broom A, Adams J. Prevalence and characteristics of women who consult with osteopathic practitioners during pregnancy; a report from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health (ALSWH). J Bodyw Mov Ther.. 2016; 20:(1)168-172

Gospodinova J, Gospodinov K, Gonchev V, Halil A. A new view on interpretations the ethiology of the phenomenon – colics in the newborn. Trakia Journal of Science. 2018; 16:(1)171-179

Hall H, Cramer H, Sundberg T The effectiveness of complementary manual therapies for pregnancy-related back and pelvic pain. Medicine (Baltimore). 2016; 95:(38)

Hawk C, Schneider M, Ferrance RJ, Hewitt E, Van Loon M, Tanis L. Best practices recommendations for chiropractic care for infants, children, and adolescents: results of a consensus process. J Manipulative Physiol Ther.. 2009; 32:(8)639-647

Hawk C, Schneider MJ, Vallone S, Hewitt EG. Best practices for chiropractic care of children: a consensus update. J Manipulative Physiol Ther.. 2016; 39:(3)158-168

Hensel KL, Carnes MS, Stoll ST. Pregnancy research on osteopathic manipulation optimizing treatment effects: The PROMOTE Study Protocol. J Am Osteopath Assoc.. 2016; 116:(11)716-724

Holm LV, Jarbøl DE, Christensen HW, Søndergaard J, Hestbæk L. The effect of chiropractic treatment on infantile colic: study protocol for a single-blind randomized controlled trial. Chiropr Man Therap. 2018; 26:(1)

Homola S. Pediatric chiropractic care: the subluxation question and referral risk. Bioethics. 2016; 30:(2)63-68

Howarth LJ, Sullivan PB. Management of chronic constipation in children. Paediatr Child Health. 2016; 26:(10)415-422

Hughes CM, Liddle SD, Sinclair M, McCullough JEM. The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) for pregnancy related low back and/or pelvic girdle pain: an online survey. Complement Ther Clin Pract.. 2018; 31:379-383

Kommers DR, Truijens SEM, Oei SG, Bambang Oetomo S, Pop VJM. Antenatal mother–infant bonding scores are related to maternal reports of infant crying behaviour. J Reprod Infant Psychol.. 2017; 35:(5)480-492 838.2017.1354360

Marchand AM. A proposed model with possible implications for safety and technique adaptations for chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy for infants and children. J Manipulative Physiol Ther.. 2015; 38:(9)713-726 jmpt.2013.05.015

Mullen CA, Fish VL, Hutinger JL. Mentoring doctoral students through scholastic engagement: adult learning principles in action. J Furth High Educ.. 2010; 34:(2)179-197

Shaukat Ali R, Gnanasan S, Farooqui M. Women's perspectives towards traditional and complementary medicine used to conceive, during pregnancy and the postpartum period. Complement Ther Clin Pract.. 2018; 30:109-115

Singh H, Connor F. Paediatric constipation: An approach and evidence-based treatment regimen. Aust J Gen Pract.. 2018; 47:(5)273-277

Stewart A. Paediatric chiropractic and infant breastfeeding difficulties: A pilot case series study involving 19 cases. Chiropr J Aust.. 2012; 42:(3)

Stuber KJ, Wynd S, Weis CA. Adverse events from spinal manipulation in the pregnant and postpartum periods: a critical review of the literature. Chiropr Man Therap. 2012; 20:(1)

Todd AJ, Carroll MT, Robinson A, Mitchell EKL. Adverse events due to chiropractic and other manual therapies for infants and children: a review of the literature. J Manipulative Physiol Ther.. 2015; 38:(9)699-712 jmpt.2014.09.008

Vallone S. Evaluation and treatment of breastfeeding difficulties associated with cervicocranial dysfunction: a chiropractic perspective. Journal of Clinical Chiropractic Pediatrics. 2016; 15:(3)1301-1305

Vallone S, Hawk C, Killinger LZ. Chiropractic care for special populations: pregnant women, children, and older adults. In: Hawk C (ed). Santa Barbara (CA)2017

Vandenplas Y, Alarcon P, Alliet P Algorithms for managing infant constipation, colic, regurgitation and cow's milk allergy in formula-fed infants. Acta Paediatr.. 2015; 104:(5)449-457

Wolke D, Bilgin A, Samara M Systematic review and meta-analysis: fussing and crying durations and prevalence of colic in infants. J Pediatr.. 2017; 185:55-61.e4

Zeevenhooven J, Browne PD, L'Hoir MP, de Weerth C, Benninga MA. Infant colic: mechanisms and management. Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol.. 2018; 15:(8)479-496

Chiropractic care of the pregnant woman and neonate

02 May 2019
Volume 27 · Issue 5


The history and values of the chiropractic profession are part of the complementary and alternate medicine model. Chiropractic care in pregnancy is used for relief of back pain, turning breech presenting fetuses, and treatment of colic, breastfeeding and constipation issues in the neonate.

Chiropractic practice is based on the theory that alterations to the biomechanics of the spinal and extraspinal structures, such as the cranial and mandible bones, can lead to altered neural signals being sent to the spine (Mullen et al, 2010). Subluxation of the spinal column and other articulations can interfere with neurological function, disrupting homeostatic balance, which may symptomatically and adversely affect health (Homola, 2016). Using chiropractic adjustment, the biomechanics are corrected, thereby restoring and improving function (Alcantara et al, 2015). Chiropractic practice has been defined as a process of diagnosis and treatment based on the role of the nervous system in co-ordinating all of the body's functions, and the idea that disease results from a lack of normal nerve function. Chiropractic alternative medicine is part of the complementary therapies model, specifically relating to manipulative and body-based methods (Shaukat Ali et al, 2018). However, chiropractic treatment is not available on the NHS and would only be available for pregnant women and parents willing or able to pay.

Register now to continue reading

Thank you for visiting British Journal of Midwifery and reading some of our peer-reviewed resources for midwives. To read more, please register today. You’ll enjoy the following great benefits:

What's included

  • Limited access to our clinical or professional articles

  • New content and clinical newsletter updates each month