Ahmed MAA, Gagnon M-P, Hamelin-Brabant L, Mbemba GIC, Alami H A mixed methods systematic review of success factors of mhealth and telehealth for maternal health in Sub-Saharan Africa. Mhealth. 2017;

Aref-Adib G, Hassiotis A Frontline 2020: the new age for telemental health. The Lancet Psychiatry. 2021; 8:(1)3-4

Aziz A, Zork N, Aubey JJ, Baptiste CD, D'alton ME, Emeruwa UN, Fuchs KM, Goffman D, Gyamfi-Bannerman C, Haythe JH Telehealth for high-risk pregnancies in the setting of the COVID-19 pandemic. American journal of perinatology. 2020; 37:(8)

Cheng PJ, Wu TL, Shaw SW, Chueh HY, Lin CT, Hsu JJ, Hsieh TsTa, Soong YK Anxiety levels in women undergoing prenatal maternal serum screening for down syndrome: The effect of a fast reporting system by mobile phone short-message service. Prenatal Diagnosis: Published in Affiliation With the International Society for Prenatal Diagnosis. 2008; 28:(5)417-421

Chuang L-L, Lin L-C, Cheng P-J, Chen C-H, Wu S-C, Chang C-L The effectiveness of a relaxation training program for women with preterm labour on pregnancy outcomes: A controlled clinical trial. International journal of nursing studies. 2012; 49:(3)257-264

Couto GR, Dias V, de Jesus Oliveira I Benefits of exclusive breastfeeding: an integrative review. Nursing Practice Today. 2020; 7:(4)245-254

De Nicola N, Grossman D, Marko K, Sonalkar S, Tobah YSB, Ganju N, Witkop CT, Henderson JT, Butler JL, Lowery C Telehealth interventions to improve obstetric and gynecologic health outcomes: a systematic review. Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2020; 135:(2)

England NNHS England: London: Better births; improving outcomes of maternity services in England; 2016

Farrag RE, Metwely S Effect of tele-nursing services on healthy lifestyle and self-efficacy among gestational diabetes women. International Journal of Novel Research in Healthcare and Nursing. 2016; 3:(1)129-140

Fazal N, Webb A, Bangoura J, El Nasharty M Telehealth: Improving maternity services by modern technology. BMJ Open Quality. 2020; 9:(4)

Flax VL, Negerie M, Ibrahim AU, Leatherman S, Daza EJ, Bentley ME Integrating group counseling, cell phone messaging, and participant-generated songs and dramas into a microcredit program increases Nigerian women's adherence to international breastfeeding recommendations. The Journal of Nutrition. 2014; 144:(7)1120-1124

Gisore P, Shipala E, Otieno K, Rono B, Marete I, Tenge C, Mabeya H, Bucher S, Moore J, Liechty E Community based weighing of newborns and use of mobile phones by village elders in rural settings in Kenya: a decentralised approach to health care provision. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. 2012; 12:(1)1-8

Hirko KA, Kerver JM, Ford S, Szafranski C, Beckett J, Kitchen C, Wendling AL Telehealth in response to the covid-19 pandemic: Implications for rural health disparities. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association. 2020; 27:(11)1816-1818

Jareethum R, Titapant V, Tienthai C, Viboonchart S, Chuenwattana P, Chatchainoppakhun J Satisfaction of healthy pregnant women receiving short message service via mobile phone for prenatal support: a randomized controlled trial. Medical Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand. 2008; 91:(4)

Jiang H, Li M, Wen LM, Hu Q, Yang D, He G, Baur LA, Dibley MJ, Qian X Effect of short message service on infant feeding practice: Findings from a community-based study in shanghai, china. JAMA Pediatrics. 2014; 168:(5)471-478

Khorshid MR, Afshari P, Abedi P The effect of SMS messaging on the compliance with iron supplementation among pregnant women in Iran: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare. 2014; 20:(4)201-206

Kouba I, Wei LS, Bennett T-AM, Aglialoro G, Walker AA, Friedman S, Mehta-Lee SS 1048 the impact of telehealth: Adherence to high-risk maternity care during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. 224:(2)

Lee SH, Nurmatov UB, Nwaru BI, Mukherjee M, Grant L, Pagliari C Effectiveness of mhealth interventions for maternal, newborn and child health in low–and middle–income countries: systematic review and meta–analysis. Journal of Global Health. 2016; 6:(1)

Leoncea J, Harrisb MJ Digitalisation in maternity: improving the patient experience. Emerging Technologies in Healthcare: Legal, Ethical and Social Aspects.

Lund S, Hemed M, Nielsen BB, Said A, Said K, Makungu M, Rasch V Mobile phones as a health communication tool to improve skilled attendance at delivery in Zanzibar: a cluster-randomised controlled trial. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 2012; 119:(10)1256-1264

Napier AD, Ancarno C, Butler B, Calabrese J, Chater A, Chatterjee H, Guesnet F, Horne R, Jacyna S, Jadhav S Culture and health. The Lancet. 2014; 384:(9954)1607-1639

Nicol Turner Lee JK, Roberts J: Brookings Institution; 2020

Organization WH Telemedicine: opportunities and developments in member states. Report on the second global survey on ehealth.: World Health Organization; 2010

Oyeyemi SO, Wynn R Giving cell phones to pregnant women and improving services may increase primary health facility utilization: a case-control study of a Nigerian project. Reproductive Health. 2014; 11:(1)1-8

Shaw D, Guise J-M, Shah N, Gemzell-Danielsson K, Joseph K, Levy B, Wong F, Woodd S, Main EK Drivers of maternity care in high-income countries: can health systems support woman-centred care?. The Lancet. 2016; 388:(10057)2282-2295

Simonyan D, Gagnon M-P, Duchesne T, Roos-Weil A Effects of a telehealth programme using mobile data transmission on primary healthcare utilisation among children in Bamako, Mali. Journal of telemedicine and telecare. 2013; 19:(6)302-306

van den Heuvel JF, Kariman SS, van Solinge WW, Franx A, Lely AT, Bekker MN Safe@ home–feasibility study of a telemonitoring platform combining blood pressure and preeclampsia symptoms in pregnancy care. European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology. 2019; 240:226-231

Wachter RM Making it work: harnessing the power of health information technology to improve care in England. 2016;

Wootton R, Craig J, Patterson V: CRC Press; 2017

Zairina E, Abramson MJ, McDonald CF, Li J, Dharmasiri T, Stewart K, Walker SP, Paul E, George J Telehealth to improve asthma control in pregnancy: a randomized controlled trial. Respirology. 2016; 21:(5)867-874

Telehealth and maternity

02 June 2021
Volume 29 · Issue 6


Has the onset of the pandemic changed the way we utilise telemedicine forever? Anjali Raj Westwood shares her views

The World Health Organization ([WHO], 2010) defines telehealth as ‘the delivery of healthcare services, where distance is a critical factor, by all healthcare professionals using information and communication technologies for the exchange of valid information for diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disease and injuries, research and evaluation, and for the continuing education of healthcare providers, all in the interests of advancing the health of individuals and their communities’.

A more recent definition by the European Code of Practice for Telehealth Services defines telehealth as ‘the means by which technologies and related services concerned with health and wellbeing are accessed by people or provided for them irrespective of location’ (Gu and Dupre, 2019). The term telehealth is often used interchangeably with telemedicine, telecare, technology enabled health, digital health and m-health. For the purpose of consistency within this article, we will be using the term ‘telehealth’.

Telehealth as a mode of service delivery has been particularly valuable for those in remote areas, vulnerable groups and ageing populations. The year 2020 changed how the world views telehealth. One look at the world healthcare news and it can be observed that the COVID-19 pandemic has brought telemedicine to the front stage, and the world has now seen and benefitted from its practice.

Register now to continue reading

Thank you for visiting British Journal of Midwifery and reading some of our peer-reviewed resources for midwives. To read more, please register today. You’ll enjoy the following great benefits:

What's included

  • Limited access to our clinical or professional articles

  • New content and clinical newsletter updates each month