References

Ahern NR, Kiehl EM, Sole ML, Byers J A review of instruments measuring resilience. Issues Compr Pediatr Nurs. 2006; 29:(2)103-25

Begley CM Knowing your place: student midwives views of relationships in midwifery in Ireland. Midwifery. 2001; 17:(3)222-33 https://doi.org/10.1054/midw.2001.0262

Begley CM Great fleas have little fleas: Irish student midwives views of the hierarchy in midwifery. J Adv Nurs. 2002; 38:(3)310-17 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2648.2002.02181.x

Braun V, Clarke VLondon: Sage Publications; 2013

Burgess H, Sieminski S, Arthur L Ethics: Issues, dilemmas and problems.London: Sage Publications; 2006

Crombie A, Brindley J, Harris D, Marks-Maran D, Thompson TM Factors that enhance rates of completion: What makes students stay?. Nurse Educ Today. 2013; 33:(11)1282-7 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2013.03.020

Denscombe M, 4th edn. Maidenhead: Open University Press; 2010

Enoch L, Chibnall JT, Schindler DL, Slavin SJ Association of medical student burnout with residency specialty choice. Medical Education. 2013; 47:(2)173-81 https://doi.org/10.1111/medu.12083

Grant L, Kinman G Emotional resilience in the helping professions and how it can be enhanced. Health and Social Care Education. 2014; 3:(1)23-34 https://doi.org/10.11120/hsce.2014.00040

2013. http://tinyurl.com/ha4w9e5 (accessed 17 October 2016)

Kirkup BLondon: The Stationery Office; 2015

Kjeldstadli K, Tyssen R, Finset A, Hem E, Gude T, Gronvold NT, Ekeberg O, Vaglum P Life satisfaction and resilience in medical school – a six-year longitudinal, nationwide and comparative study. BMC Med Educ. 2006; 6:(48)1-8

Masten AS Ordinary magic. Resilience processes in development. Am Psychol. 2001; 56:(3)227-38

Masten AS, O'Dougherty Wright M Resilience over the lifespan: Developmental perspective on resistance, recovery and transformation. In: Reich J, Zautra AJ, Hall JS (eds). New York: Guilford Press; 2010

McGillivray CJ, Pidgeon AM Resilience attributes among university students: A comparative study of psychological distress, sleep disturbances and mindfulness. European Scientific Journal. 2015; 11:(5)33-48

Muller R, Ward PR, Winefield T, Tsourtois G, Lawn S The importance of resilience to primary care practitioners: an interactive psycho-social model. Australasian Medical Journal. 2009; 1:(1)1-15 https://doi.org/10.4066/AMJ.2009.23

National Maternity Review. 2016. http://tinyurl.com/NMR2016 (accessed 17 October 2016)

London: NMC; 2015

Pooley JA, Cohen L Resilience: a definition in context. Australian Community Psychologist. 2010; 22:(1)30-7

London: RCM; 2011

Why resilience? a review of literature on resilience and implication for further educational research. 2015. http://tinyurl.com/ztomde3 (accessed 17 October 2016)

Silverman D, 4th edn. London: SAGE Publications; 2013

Stake RENew York: Guilford Press; 2005

Ungar M Resilience across cultures. Br J Soc Work. 2008; 38:(2)218-35 https://doi.org/10.1093/bjsw/bcl343

Wagnild GWorden, Montana: The Resilience Center; 2014

Wagnild GM, Young HM Development and psychometric evaluation of the Resilience Scale. J Nurs Meas. 1993; 1:(2)165-78

Werner E What can we learn about Resilience from Large-Scale Longitudinal Studies?. In: Goldstein S, Brooks RB (eds). New York: Springer Sciences & Business Media; 2012

Navigating the midwifery undergraduate programme: Is resilience the key?

02 November 2016
19 min read
Volume 24 · Issue 11

Abstract

Background:

Student midwives face a number of challenges during their pre-registration programme, both academically and in clinical practice.

Aims:

This pilot study aimed to examine the role that resilience might play in supporting student midwives to continue on the midwifery undergraduate programme.

Method:

Five second-year student midwives volunteered to take part in the pilot. All five students completed Wagnild's updated True Resilience Scale (TRS), and partipated in a focus group and a one-to-one interview.

Findings:

One participant scored ‘moderate’ on the TRS, three ‘moderately high’ and one ‘high’. Six main themes emerged from the focus group and interviews: defining and recognising resilience; building and developing resilience through reflection; developing resilience through positive and negative encounters on the midwifery programme; the relevance of significant others; transferable resilience; and different styles of resilience.

Conclusions:

The pilot offered insights into the significance of resilience and student midwives that will contribute to the main study. This initial study has generated some findings that are reflected in the broader resilience literature. The characteristics of resilience were articulated and the data contained examples of a range of challenges and the role resilience might play. This pilot is to be followed up by a study that will follow one cohort over the first 18 months of the midwifery programme to get a longitudinal view of the midwifery students' resilience.

The midwifery undergraduate programme is challenging; to be successful, student midwives are required to navigate both academic and clinical practice demands. To date, little is known about the experiences of student midwives and the factors that support their successful completion of the programme. The concept of resilience is now being considered as a potential trait that is required to be an effective health care practitioner. The literature reviewed to date reveals that there appears to have been no research that has studied resilience in student midwives. This paper will detail a pilot study that took place in December 2015, as part of a Doctorate of Education programme, and examined the role resilience might play for student midwives. This pilot was in preparation for the main study that will follow a cohort of student midwives during the first 18 months of their undergraduate programme.

The term ‘resilience’ is not consistently defined across the literature, although it is in common use. Some authors have suggested that an individual may have a genetic disposition to being resilient (Muller et al, 2009) whereas it is also described as something that may be developed as a result of some significant childhood experiences (Pooley and Cohen, 2010). There is, therefore, dispute as to whether resilience is an inherited personal characteristic or a trait that develops as a result of external stressors (Ahern et al, 2006). Masten et al's (2010: 214) review of resilience research considered that it has moved through four phases; they suggested that current resilience study is focused around ‘integrative ways to better understand the complex processes that lead to resilience’.

Register now to continue reading

Thank you for visiting British Journal of Midwifery and reading some of our peer-reviewed resources for midwives. To read more, please register today. You’ll enjoy the following great benefits:

What's included

  • Limited access to our clinical or professional articles

  • New content and clinical newsletter updates each month