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The effect of a breastfeeding educational workshop on clinicians' knowledge, attitudes and practices

02 April 2019
Volume 27 · Issue 4



Counselling, education and support from health professionals is key to increasing breastfeeding practices.


To evaluate the effectiveness of a breastfeeding educational workshop on Jordanian nurses' and midwives' knowledge, attitudes and practices towards breastfeeding.


A convenience sample of 82 nurses and midwives were recruited and randomly assigned into intervention and control groups. A pre-test was conducted for both groups and a post-test was conducted 2 weeks after the intervention for both groups.


The results showed significantly higher mean and standard deviation in the intervention group (M=11.73; SD=2.6), compared to the control group (M=8.38; SD=2.59) after conducting the workshop (P<0.001), indicating that the workshop was beneficial in improving knowledge and practice towards the importance of breastfeeding.


The 2-hour educational workshop increased health professionals' knowledge and this may lead to improvements in practice and better breastfeeding outcomes.

Breastfeeding is an important health promotion strategy that has widely accepted and documented benefits for mothers, infants, and society (Wieczorek et al, 2010; Ahluwalia et al, 2012; Kuyper et al, 2014). According to the World Health Organization (WHO) (The Partnership for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health, 2011), most of the infection-related deaths in children under 5 years old could be avoided by clean births, treating maternal infection, and exclusive breastfeeding. Approximately 5.6 million children under 5 years old died in 2016 (15 000 per day), and Jordan is ranked 96th in terms of deaths for children under 5 years' old. The mortality rate for children under 5 years old was 19% per 1000 live births, while the infant mortality rate was 17% per 1000 live births (Malkawi, 2016). Reducing these inequities and preventing child deaths are therefore important priorities (WHO, 2019).

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